Dr Muhammad Sohail Shehzad 

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Consultant Ophthalmologist & Retinal surgeon 

MEDICAL RETINA

Retinal Diseases 

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Diabetic retinopathy 

  • Leading Cause of blindness

  • Early intervention has the best results 

  • Good diabetes control and regular exercise is the key of managment

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CRVO

  • Thrombotic occlusion of central retinal vein

  • Ischemic leads to irreversible visual loss

  • however Non ischmeic variety usually returns to near normal vision 

CRAO

  • atherosclerotic blockage of central retinal artery 

  • If Clot does not clear within an hour, permanent visual loss is expected 

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Cystoid Macular Edema 

  • Long term accumulation of fluid in central macula 

  • multiple treatments/medicines/ laser and surgical options are available 

  • Most important treatment is to eliminate cause of Edema 

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